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ADHD affects the brain, which means children with ADHD can have different ways of learning and retaining information, and showing what they know. Many students with ADHD perform better on assignments if they are given accommodations. Assignment accommodations can include making changes to assignments that allow the students to learn the material in a format that works for them, or changes in how the student shows that they have mastered content and skills. The overall concept of the assignment remains the same, allowing the student to learn the same curriculum as others in the classroom.
Accommodations for students with ADHD most often include decreasing the length of an assignment. For instance, writing shorter papers, answering fewer test questions, or completing fewer homework problems. The overall format of an assignment might be modified as well. Examples of this are dictating written assignments into a tape recorder or presenting a project orally instead of submitting a written report. These general assignment accommodations work for students with ADHD on classwork, homework, and assessments.
In many instances, a learning disability may also affect students with ADHD. As many as 45% of children with ADHD have a co-occurring learning disorder, as compared to only 5% of children without ADHD. It is often important to assess and test for co-occurring learning disabilities to create a plan and choose accommodations that work best for each student.
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